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Brain Res. 2012 Sep 14;1473:87-103. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2012.07.022. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Differences in parvalbumin and calbindin chemospecificity in the centers of the turtle ascending auditory pathway revealed by double immunofluorescence labeling.

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Laboratory of Evolution of Neuronal Interactions, Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, 44 Thorez Avenue, 194223 Saint-Petersburg, Russia.


Using double immunofluorescence labeling, quantitative ratio between parvalbumin- and calbindin-containing neurons, neurons that co-localize both peptides, as well as the intensity of their immunoreactivities were studied in the brainstem, midbrain and forebrain auditory centers of two chelonian species, Testudo horsfieldi and Emys orbicularis. In the spiral ganglion and first-order cochlear nuclei, highly immunoreactive parvalbumin-containing neurons predominated, and almost all neurons in these nuclei also exhibited weak immunoreactivity to calbindin. The number of strongly calbindin-immunoreactive (-ir) cells increased in the second-order brainstem auditory centers (the laminar cochlear nucleus, superior olivary complex, lateral lemniscal nucleus), and co-localization with parvalbumin in some of them was observed. In the midbrain, a complementary distribution of parvalbumin and calbindin immunoreactivity was found: the central (core) region of the torus semicircularis showed strong parvalbumin immunoreactivity, while the laminar (belt) nucleus was strongly calbindin-ir. In the thalamic nucleus reuniens, almost complete topographic overlapping of the parvalbumin-ir and calbindin-ir neurons was shown in its dorsomedial region (core), with the intensity of immunoreactivity to calbindin being much higher than that to parvalbumin. The predominance of calbindin immunoreactivity in neurons of the dorsomedial region of the nucleus reuniens is correlated with the existence of the dense calbindin-ir terminal field in its projection area in the telencephalon. We conclude that the turtle auditory pathway is chemically heterogeneous with respect to calcium-binding proteins, the predominance of parvalbumin in the brainstem and midbrain centers giving way to that of calbindin in the forebrain centers; the portion of neurons co-localizing both peptides nonlinearly decreases from lower to higher order centers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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