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J Immunol. 2012 Jul 15;189(2):598-605. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1102165. Epub 2012 Jun 11.

Human antitumor CD8+ T cells producing Th1 polycytokines show superior antigen sensitivity and tumor recognition.

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1
Institute of Molecular Immunology, Helmholtz Center Munich, German.

Abstract

Adoptive transfer of T cells expressing transgenic TCR with antitumor specificity provides a hopeful new therapy for patients with advanced cancer. To fulfill a large need for TCR with high affinity and specificity for various tumor entities, we sought to identify parameters for rapid selection of CTL clones with suitable characteristics. Twelve CTL clones displaying different Ag sensitivities for the same peptide-MHC epitope of the melanoma-associated Ag tyrosinase were analyzed in detail. Better MHC-multimer binding and slower multimer release are thought to reflect stronger TCR-peptide-MHC interactions; thus, these parameters would seem well suited to identify higher avidity CTL. However, large disparities were found comparing CTL multimer binding with peptide sensitivity. In contrast, CD8(+) CTL with superior Ag sensitivity mediated good tumor cytotoxicity and also secreted the triple combination of IFN-γ, IL-2, and TNF-α, representing a Th1 pattern often missing in lower avidity CTL. Furthermore, recipient lymphocytes were imbued with high Ag sensitivity, superior tumor recognition, as well as capacity for Th1 polycytokine secretion after transduction with the TCR of a high-avidity CTL. Thus, Th1 polycytokine secretion served as a suitable parameter to rapidly demark cytotoxic CD8(+) T cell clones for further TCR evaluation.

PMID:
22689880
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1102165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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