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J Pediatr Nurs. 2013 Jan;28(1):3-19. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2012.01.002. Epub 2012 Feb 9.

Promoting physical activity in preschoolers to prevent obesity: a review of the literature.

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School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.


This literature review summarizes clinical recommendations for adequate physical activity and reviews recently published studies that focus on identifying common factors associated with physical activity levels among preschoolers in the United States and Canada. Currently, there is inconsistency in both the definition of and recommendations for physical activity. In addition, there is relatively little research in this area. Common factors and contexts associated with physical activity levels in preschoolers in this review included (a) child characteristics; (b) interpersonal dynamics between preschoolers and their families, childcare providers, and health care providers; (c) childcare setting; and (d) neighborhood environment.

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