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Meat Sci. 2007 May;76(1):172-81. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.10.026. Epub 2006 Dec 14.

Effect of rosemary extract, chitosan and α-tocopherol on microbiological parameters and lipid oxidation of fresh pork sausages stored at 4°C.

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Laboratory of Technology of Animal Origin Products, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece.


The effect of rosemary extract, chitosan and α-tocopherol, added individually or in combination, on microbiological parameters and lipid oxidation of fresh pork sausages stored for 20days at 4°C was investigated. Microbiological determinations included the enumeration of Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas spp., total viable count, yeasts and moulds and lactic acid bacteria, while pH values were also determined. Lipid oxidation was evaluated through measurement of primary (peroxide value) and secondary (malondialdehyde concentration) oxidation products. Chitosan addition resulted in significant (P⩽0.05) inhibition of microbial growth, while the lowest microbial counts were obtained in the samples containing both chitosan and rosemary, indicating a possible synergistic effect. Chitosan and its combinations with either α-tocopherol or rosemary, and especially the latter combination, showed also the most intense antioxidative effect (P⩽0.05), at least when compared to α-tocopherol alone or the controls, while use of rosemary extract alone had a comparable (P>0.05) antioxidative effect with chitosan and its combinations. Shelf life of samples containing chitosan was almost doubled compared to the remaining samples. In conclusion, the best antimicrobial and antioxidative effects were obtained from the combination of chitosan with the rosemary extract.

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