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Acta Cytol. 2011;55(5):413-20. doi: 10.1159/000331047. Epub 2011 Oct 8.

Usefulness of CINtec® PLUS p16/Ki-67 double-staining in cytological screening of cervical cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Laboratory Sciences, Gunma University, Maebashi, Japan. toyosida@health.gunma-u.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study evaluated the usefulness of p16(INK4a)/Ki-67 as a new biomarker in the diagnosis of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cervical lesions.

STUDY DESIGN:

From 69 women with previous positive cytology, clinician-collected (CC) samples were obtained using a Cervex-Brush®. One month later, self-collected (SC) material was acquired using a Rovers® Viba-Brush. Liquid-based cytology specimens were prepared from both samples, and then the grades of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) were determined; following immunostaining with CINtec® PLUS, HPV status was analyzed using a linear array.

RESULTS:

The mean double-positive cell scores (SCORE) in the CC samples were 3.2 in samples negative for intraepithelial lesions or malignancy, 1.3 in atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, 87.1 in low-grade SIL, and 367 in high-grade SIL. According to HPV risk type, the mean SCORE was 16 in samples negative for HPV, 8.4 in low-risk HPV, 143 in high-risk HPV other than type 16, and 420 in HPV16 - with a statistical significance between high-risk HPV and type 16 (p < 0.05). The SCORE of the SC group was lower than that of the CC group because of the limited number of cells collected.

CONCLUSIONS:

The SCORE showed a significant correlation with HPV16 compared with lesser-degree lesions. CINtec PLUS is useful as a diagnostic marker of progression of lesions and a surrogate marker of an elevated risk of high-grade lesions with HPV16.

PMID:
21986167
DOI:
10.1159/000331047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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