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Nephrology (Carlton). 2011 Nov;16(8):736-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2011.01502.x.

Effect of peritoneal dialysis on expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor and endostatin of the peritoneum in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Abstract

AIM:

The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and endostatin (ES) in human peritoneum and investigate the relationship between them and peritoneum neoangiogensis in the patients with uraemia and peritoneal dialysis (PD).

METHODS:

Peritoneal biopsies were obtained from normal subjects (n = 8), uraemic predialysis patients (n = 12) and PD patients (n = 10). The mRNA expression of VEGF, bFGF and ES in peritoneal tissues were measured through real-time polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression of VEGF, bFGF and ES in peritoneal tissues were determined through western blot. Microvessel density (MVD) of peritoneal tissue was assessed using immunohistochemistry with CD34 monoclonal antibody.

RESULTS:

The mRNA and protein of VEGF, bFGF and ES were expressed in all peritoneal samples. Compared with the normal control group, the mRNA and protein expression of VEGF and bFGF in peritoneal tissues were all significantly upregulated in the uraemic predialysis and PD group (all P < 0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the protein expression of ES were significantly upregulated in the uraemic predialysis and PD group (all (P < 0.05), but the mRNA expression of ES did not have obvious differences in the uraemic predialysis and PD group as compared to the normal control group (P > 0.05). MVD of peritoneal tissue were increased in the uraemic predialysis and PD group compared with the normal group (all P < 0.05). A significant positive correlation was found between VEGF mRNA expression and MVD, bFGF mRNA expression and MVD.

CONCLUSION:

The mRNA expression of VEGF and bFGF, the protein expression of VEGF, bFGF, and ES and microvessel density (MVD) are increased both in the uraemic predialysis and PD patients. These results show that uraemia circumstances and non-physiological compatibility of peritoneal dialysis solution might increase VEGF, bFGF and ES expression and MVD, which might participate in the increment of the peritoneum neoangiogensis and ultrafiltration failure in PD patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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