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Int J Biol Macromol. 2011 Nov 1;49(4):487-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2011.05.023. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Homology modeling, docking, molecular dynamics simulation, and structural analyses of coxsakievirus B3 2A protease: an enzyme involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory myocarditis.

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Neuroscience Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


2A protease of the pathogenic coxsackievirus B3 is key to the pathogenesis of inflammatory myocarditis and, therefore, an attractive drug target. However lack of a crystal structure impedes design of inhibitors. Here we predict 3D structure of CVB3 2A(pro) based on sequence comparison and homology modeling with human rhinovirus 2A(pro). The two enzymes are remarkably similar in their core regions. However they have different conformations at the N-terminal. A large number of N-terminal hydrophobic residues reduce the thermal stability of CVB3 2A(pro), as we confirmed by fluorescence, western blot and turbidity measurement. Molecular dynamic simulation revealed that elevated temperature induces protein motion that results in frequent movement of the N-terminal coil. This may therefore induce successive active site changes and thus play an important role in destabilization of CVB3 2A(pro) structure.

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