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J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2011 Jun;28(6):919-28.

Structure and stability analysis of cytotoxic complex of camel α-lactalbumin and unsaturated fatty acids produced at high temperature.

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Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


α-Lactalbumin α-La), together with oleic acid can be converted to a complex, which kills tumor cells selectively. Cytotoxic α-La -oleic acid and α-La -linoleic acid complexes were generated by adding fatty acid to camel holo α-La at 60 ° C (referred to as La-OA-60 and La-LA-60 state, respectively). Structural properties of these complexes were studied and compared to the camel α-La. The experimental results show that linoleic acid induces α-La partial unfolding but oleic acid does not change the protein structure significantly. Also the stability of La-OA-60 and La-LA-60 toward thermal denaturation was measured. The order of temperature at the transition midpoint is as follows: La-LA-60 < La-OA-60 < α-La. La-OA-60 complex inhibited tubulin polymerization in vitro. Although the structures of La-OA-60 and La-LA-60 were different, these two complexes had similar cytotoxic effect to DU145 human prostate cancer cells. Samples of La-OA-60 that have been renatured after denaturation lost the specific biological activity toward tumor cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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