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Korean J Ophthalmol. 2011 Apr;25(2):142-5. doi: 10.3341/kjo.2011.25.2.142. Epub 2011 Mar 14.

Surgical correction of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome: a case report of esotropia, entropion, and blepharoptosis.

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Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


We report a case of surgical treatment for Hallermann-Streiff syndrome in a patient with ocular manifestations of esotropia, entropion, and blepharoptosis. A 54-year-old man visited Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital complaining of ocular discomfort due to cilia touching the corneas of both eyes for several years. He had a bird-like face, pinched nose, hypotrichosis of the scalp, mandibular hypoplasia with forward displacement of the temporomandibular joints, a small mouth, and proportional short stature. His ophthalmic features included sparse eyelashes and eyebrows, microphthalmia, nystagmus, lower lid entropion in the right eye, and upper lid entropion with blepharoptosis in both eyes. There was esodeviation of the eyeball of more than 100 prism diopters at near and distance, and there were limitations in ocular movement on lateral gaze. The capsulopalpebral fascia was repaired to treat the right lower lid entropion, but an additional Quickert suture was required to prevent recurrence. Blepharoplasty and levator palpebrae repair were performed for blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis. Three months after lid surgery, the right medial rectus muscle was recessed 7.5 mm, the left medial rectus was recessed 7.25 mm, and the left lateral rectus muscle was resected 8.0 mm.


Entropion; Esotropia; Hallermann's syndrome; Ptosis; Surgical correction

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