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Cell Stem Cell. 2011 Mar 4;8(3):267-80. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2011.01.013.

LRRK2 mutant iPSC-derived DA neurons demonstrate increased susceptibility to oxidative stress.

Author information

1
Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

Studies of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been hindered by lack of access to affected human dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Here, we report generation of induced pluripotent stem cells that carry the p.G2019S mutation (G2019S-iPSCs) in the Leucine-Rich Repeat Kinase-2 (LRRK2) gene, the most common PD-related mutation, and their differentiation into DA neurons. The high penetrance of the LRRK2 mutation and its clinical resemblance to sporadic PD suggest that these cells could provide a valuable platform for disease analysis and drug development. We found that DA neurons derived from G2019S-iPSCs showed increased expression of key oxidative stress-response genes and α-synuclein protein. The mutant neurons were also more sensitive to caspase-3 activation and cell death caused by exposure to stress agents, such as hydrogen peroxide, MG-132, and 6-hydroxydopamine, than control DA neurons. This enhanced stress sensitivity is consistent with existing understanding of early PD phenotypes and represents a potential therapeutic target.

PMID:
21362567
PMCID:
PMC3578553
DOI:
10.1016/j.stem.2011.01.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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