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Shika Zairyo Kikai. 1990 Jul;9(4):541-54.

[Cytotoxic effects of restorative materials on early passage cultured cells derived from human gingiva (in vitro)].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

1
Department of Biomaterials, Osaka Dental University.

Abstract

This study evaluated the cytotoxic effects of three common restorative materials on early passage cultured cells derived from human gingiva (HG cells). Other early passage cultured cells derived from human dental pulp tissues (HP cells) and L cells established obtained from mouse subcutaneous tissues, were also examined. Cytotoxicity was assessed according to the uptake of neutral red and dye exclusion with nigrosin. The cytotoxicity was in the order of glass ionomer cement (highest), light cured composite resin and dental amalgam. HG cells were the least sensitive to the materials tested. Both filtration of extracts and addition of serum into the extract affected the cytotoxicity. Glass ionomer cement increased the acidity of the extract, but the two other materials did not. Dissolution of metal ions, aluminium, tin, copper, mercury and zinc occurred from the materials. The extract of the composite resin had a different absorbance. This study disclosed differences in the cellular reaction to the restorative materials. Thus, utilization of early passage cultured cells is necessary for biological evaluation of the dental materials in vitro.

PMID:
2134820
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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