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Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2010 Nov;32(9):657-61. doi: 10.1358/mf.2010.32.9.1516694.

Effect of proanthocyanidin, arginine and glutamine supplementation on methotrexate-induced gastrointestinal toxicity in rats.

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Kayseri Military Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Kayseri, Turkey.


Methotrexate is a folate antagonist that is commonly used as an antitumor and antiarthritic drug. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible roles of exogenous glutamine (Glu), arginine (Arg) and proanthocyanidin (PA) on gut protection from methotrexate-induced intestinal damage in rats. Experimental rats were separated into eight groups. The first (sham) group received a 0.9% NaCl solution alone. The second group received intraperitoneal injections of methotrexate (20 mg/kg/day) administered on day 4 of the experiment and continued for 5 days. Rats in the other six groups were administered PA, Glu, Arg, Glu+PA, Arg+PA or Glu+Arg orally by gavage together with methotrexate and animals were sacrificed on day 8 of the experiment. All animals were sacrificed 4 days after methotrexate injection for histopathological analysis, tissue glutathione peroxidase, malondialdehyde and superoxide dismutase assays. Proanthocyanidin and Glu decreased the severity of intestinal injury and oxidant injury as evident by histopathology and changes in malondialdehyde levels. Histological analysis confirmed that PA and to a lesser extent Glu supplementation were more favorable than Arg for the protection of the small intestine from methotrexate-induced injury.

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