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J Med Primatol. 2011 Feb;40(1):52-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0684.2010.00450.x. Epub 2010 Oct 6.

Species diversity and relative abundance of lactic acid bacteria in the milk of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta).

Author information

1
Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mother's milk is a source of bacteria that influences the development of the infant commensal gut microbiota. To date, the species diversity and relative abundance of lactic acid bacteria in the milk of non-human primates have not been described.

METHODS:

Milk samples were aseptically obtained from 54 female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) at peak lactation. Following GM17 and MRS agar plating, single bacterial colonies were isolated based on difference in morphotypes, then grouped based on whole-cell protein profiles on SDS-PAGE. Bacterial DNA was isolated and the sequence the 16S rRNA gene was analyzed.

RESULTS:

A total of 106 strains of 19 distinct bacterial species, belonging to five genera, Bacillus, Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, and Streptococcus, were identified.

CONCLUSIONS:

Maternal gut and oral commensal bacteria may be translocated to the mammary gland during lactation and present in milk. This pathway can be an important source of commensal bacteria to the infant gut and oral cavity.

PMID:
20946146
PMCID:
PMC3697067
DOI:
10.1111/j.1600-0684.2010.00450.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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