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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Nov 5;402(1):70-4. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.09.115. Epub 2010 Oct 25.

ATP synthesis is impaired in isolated mitochondria from myotubes established from type 2 diabetic subjects.

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Department of Endocrinology and Department of Pathology, Odense University Hospital, Denmark.


To date, it is unknown whether mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle from subjects with type 2 diabetes is based on primarily reduced mitochondrial mass and/or a primarily decreased mitochondrial ATP synthesis. Mitochondrial mass were determined in myotubes established from eight lean, eight obese and eight subjects with type 2 diabetes precultured under normophysiological conditions. Furthermore, mitochondria were isolated and ATP production was measured by luminescence at baseline and during acute insulin stimulation with or without concomitant ATP utilization by hexokinase. Mitochondrial mass and the ATP synthesis rate, neither at baseline nor during acute insulin stimulation, were not different between groups. The ratio of ATP synthesis rate at hexokinase versus ATP synthesis rate at baseline was lower in diabetic mitochondria compared to lean mitochondria. Thus the lower content of muscle mitochondria in type 2 diabetes in vivo is an adaptive trait and mitochondrial dysfunction in type 2 diabetes in vivo is based both on primarily impaired ATP synthesis and an adaptive loss of mitochondrial mass.

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