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J Virol. 2010 Oct;84(19):10026-37. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00710-10. Epub 2010 Jul 21.

The glycoprotein B disintegrin-like domain binds beta 1 integrin to mediate cytomegalovirus entry.

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McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.


Cellular integrins were identified as human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) entry receptors and signaling mediators in both fibroblasts and endothelial cells. The goal of these studies was to determine the mechanism by which HCMV binds to cellular integrins to mediate virus entry. HCMV envelope glycoprotein B (gB) has sequence similarity to the integrin-binding disintegrin-like domain found in the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family of proteins. To test the ability of this region to bind to cellular integrins, we generated a recombinant soluble version of the gB disintegrin-like domain (gB-DLD). The gB-DLD protein bound to human fibroblasts in a specific, dose-dependent and saturable manner that required the expression of an intact beta1 integrin ectodomain. Furthermore, a physical association between gB-DLD and beta1 integrin was demonstrated through in vitro pull-down assays. The function of this interaction was shown by the ability of cell-bound gB-DLD to efficiently block HCMV entry and the infectivity of multiple in vivo target cells. Additionally, rabbit polyclonal antibodies raised against gB-DLD neutralized HCMV infection. Mimicry of the ADAM family disintegrin-like domain by HCMV gB represents a novel mechanism for integrin engagement by a virus and reveals a unique therapeutic target for HCMV neutralization. The strong conservation of the DLD across beta- and gammaherpesviruses suggests that integrin recognition and utilization may be a more broadly conserved feature throughout the Herpesviridae.

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