Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010 Jun;5(6):1079-90. doi: 10.2215/CJN.06810909. Epub 2010 Apr 8.

Spectrum of HNF1B mutations in a large cohort of patients who harbor renal diseases.

Author information

1
Service de Néphrologie Pédiatrique, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rénales Héréditaires de l'Enfant et de l'Adulte, Paris, France. laurence.heidet@nck.aphp.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Hepatocyte nuclear factor 1beta (HNF1beta) is a transcription factor that is critical for the development of kidney and pancreas. In humans, mutations in HNF1B lead to congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract, pancreas atrophy, and maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 5 and genital malformations.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS:

We report HNF1B screening in a cohort of 377 unrelated cases with various kidney phenotypes (hyperechogenic kidneys with size not more than +3 SD, multicystic kidney disease, renal agenesis, renal hypoplasia, cystic dysplasia, or hyperuricemic tubulointerstitial nephropathy not associated with UMOD mutation).

RESULTS:

We found a heterozygous mutation in 75 (19.9%) index cases, consisting of a deletion of the whole gene in 42, deletion of one exon in one, and small mutations in 32. Eighteen mutations were novel. De novo mutations accounted for 66% of deletions and 40% of small mutations. In patients who carried HNF1B mutation and for whom we were able to study prenatal ultrasonography (56 probands), isolated hyperechogenic kidneys with normal or slightly enhanced size were the more frequent (34 of 56) phenotype before birth. Various other prenatal renal phenotypes were associated with HNF1B mutations, at a lesser frequency. Diabetes developed in four probands. Hyperuricemia and hypomagnesemia, although not systematically investigated, were frequently associated.

CONCLUSIONS:

This large series showed that the severity of the renal disease associated with HNF1B mutations was extremely variable (from prenatal renal failure to normal renal function in adulthood) and was not correlated with the genotype.

PMID:
20378641
PMCID:
PMC2879303
DOI:
10.2215/CJN.06810909
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center