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Parasitol Res. 2010 Apr;106(5):1151-7. doi: 10.1007/s00436-010-1786-1. Epub 2010 Feb 23.

Mapping of Taenia solium TSOL18 antigenic epitopes by phage display library.

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Key Laboratory of Zoonoses of Agriculture Ministry, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, CAAS, Lanzhou, Gansu, China.


Taenia solium is a cestode parasite that causes cysticercosis in humans and pigs. TSOL18 has been identified as a host-protective oncosphere antigen. To obtain mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against TSOL18 and to map its antigenic epitopes are potentials to develop a vaccine for the prevention of T. solium infection. In this study, mAbs were produced by the hybridoma technique using purified glycosylated TSOL18 produced in Pichia pastoris as the immunogen. mAb was used to define the B-cell epitopes of TSOL18 with phage-displayed random dodecapeptide library (Ph.D.-12), and some of the positive phage clones were sequenced and analyzed. The predominant mimotopes were ETTKLQRFQAML (L1) found in 83%, followed by DHTXF in 15% (L2: DHTLFAASHNHR, DHTLFSTGHSHG, and DHTFMQRYHTHQ). Comparison of the peptide sequences with native TSOL18 protein sequence using Clustal W software showed that they did not completely match, suggesting that the ETTKLQRFQAML and DHTXF sequences should be conformational epitopes. The sera of mice immunized with the selected phage clones obviously recognized the TSOL18 protein. Meanwhile, sera collected from TSOL18-vaccinated pigs reacted to both epitopes in enzyme-linked-immunosorbent serologic assay test. Our work demonstrated that the antigenic epitope could be mapped through screening the phage-displayed peptide libraries with mAbs and a mimotope of TSOL18, which could provide an alternative approach for the diagnosis and development of a vaccine for T. solium.

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