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PLoS One. 2014 Aug 5;9(8):e104179. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104179. eCollection 2014.

Low-dose aspirin for prevention of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
2
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea; Gachon University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
3
Department of Preventive Medicine, Gachon University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Previous trials have investigated the effects of low-dose aspirin on CVD prevention in patients with diabetes; however, patients with CKD were not examined. The role of aspirin in diabetics is controversial, and the available literature is contradictory. Therefore, we studied whether low-dose aspirin would be beneficial for patients with CKD, a group that is at high risk for CVD.

METHOD:

From a total of 25340 patients with CKD, 1884 recipients of low-dose aspirin (100 mg/day) were paired 1∶1 with non-recipients for analysis using propensity score matching. The primary endpoint was the development of atherosclerotic CVD, including coronary arterial disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. Secondary endpoints included death from any cause, bleeding events, doubling of serum creatinine, and renal death.

RESULTS:

The incidence of a primary endpoint of any atherosclerotic CVD was significantly higher in the aspirin users than in the non-users (P<0.001). Secondary endpoints, including all-cause mortality and composite bleeding events, were not significantly different between the aspirin users and the non-users. However, the doubling of serum creatinine levels (P = 0.001) and renal death (P = 0.042) were significantly associated with the use of aspirin.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that the use of low-dose aspirin in patients with CKD may have harmful consequences related to the development of CVD and renal progression.

PMID:
25093403
PMCID:
PMC4122498
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0104179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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