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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2013 Aug;28(8):2116-22. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gft103. Epub 2013 May 31.

Chronic kidney disease is associated with increased platelet activation and poor response to antiplatelet therapy.

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Division of Angiology, Department of Internal Medicine II, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.



Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common co-morbidity of patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease, and may influence the response to antiplatelet therapy. We, therefore, sought to investigate its effect on platelet activation and on-treatment residual platelet reactivity.


We assessed platelet activation and the response to clopidogrel and aspirin in 316 patients after percutaneous intervention with stent implantation. CKD was defined as a glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) according to the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula. Surface expression of activated glycoprotein IIb/IIIa without the addition of agonists was determined to assess baseline platelet activation. GPIIb/IIIa in response to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid (AA), as well as the VerifyNow assays and light transmission aggregometry (LTA) were used to measure residual platelet reactivity.


Baseline platelet activation was significantly increased in CKD patients compared with patients without renal insufficiency [3.1 versus 2.7 mean fluorescence intensity (MFI), P = 0.001]. Moreover, patients with CKD exhibited a more pronounced expression of GPIIb/IIIa in response to ADP (13 versus 9.6 MFI) and AA (6 versus 5.1 MFI; both P≤ 0.02) than patients without CKD. In the VerifyNow assays, CKD patients showed significantly higher platelet reactivity than patients without CKD (P2Y12 assay: 239 versus 182 P2Y12 Reaction Units; aspirin assay: 415 versus 399 Aspirin Reaction Units; both P≤ 0.03). Further, patients with CKD had significantly higher platelet reactivity by LTA in response to ADP (49.9 versus 43.2%, P = 0.01). Finally, high on-treatment residual ADP-inducible platelet reactivity by the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay and by LTA occurred significantly more frequent in patients with CKD (VerifyNow: 52.2 versus 26.2%, P < 0.001; LTA: 23.3 versus 12.1%, P = 0.01).


Patients with CKD exhibit increased platelet activation, and an attenuated response to dual antiplatelet therapy compared with patients without renal insufficiency.


angioplasty; antiplatelet therapy; aspirin; chronic kidney disease; clopidogrel

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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