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Mol Reprod Dev. 2010 Apr;77(4):353-62. doi: 10.1002/mrd.21152.

Growth hormone and gene expression of in vitro-matured rhesus macaque oocytes.

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California National Primate Research Center and the Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology Graduate Group, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.


Growth hormone (GH) in rhesus macaque in vitro oocyte maturation (IVM) has been shown to increase cumulus expansion and development of embryos to the 9-16 cell stage in response to 100 ng/ml recombinant human GH (r-hGH) supplementation during IVM. Although developmental endpoints for metaphase II (MII) oocytes and embryos are limited in the macaque, gene expression analysis can provide a mechanism to explore GH action on IVM. In addition, gene expression analysis may allow molecular events associated with improved cytoplasmic maturation to be detected. In this study, gene expression of specific mRNAs in MII oocytes and cumulus cells that have or have not been exposed to r-hGH during IVM was compared. In addition, mRNA expression was compared between in vitro and in vivo-matured metaphase II (MII) oocytes and germinal vesicle (GV)-stage oocytes. Only 2 of 17 genes, insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and steroidogenic acute regulator (STAR), showed increased mRNA expression in MII oocytes from the 100 ng/ml r-hGH treatment group compared with other IVM treatment groups, implicating insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and steroidogenesis pathways in the oocyte response to GH. The importance of IGF2 is notable, as expression of IGF1 was not detected in macaque GV-stage or MII oocytes or cumulus cells.


gene expression; growth hormone; non-human primate; oocyte

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