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Methods Mol Biol. 2010;597:33-53. doi: 10.1007/978-1-60327-389-3_3.

Sequencing of the rat genome and databases.

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Human & Molecular Genetics Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.


The rat is an important system for modeling human disease. Four years ago, the rich 150-year history of rat research was transformed by the sequencing and annotation of the rat genome, ushering in an era of exceptional opportunity for identifying genes and pathways underlying disease phenotypes. With the genome sequence in place, there is the prospect of not only linking the extensive literature of mechanistic and pharmacological studies in the rat to its genome, but by using comparative genomics to other organisms as well. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in human populations have recently provided a direct approach for finding robust genetic associations in common diseases, but identifying the precise genes and their mechanisms of action remains challenging.The explosion of genomic tools and sequence over the last decade has created a wealth of data. Along with the data has arisen a need to manage it and to make it usable to scientists with a wide-range of research interests. This chapter is designed to overview the existing sequence and its utility, as well as provide a glimpse of some of the databases and bioinformatic tools available to the investigator.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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