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Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2006 Jan;273(4):236-8. Epub 2005 Oct 6.

Water birth: is the water an additional reservoir for group B streptococcus?

Author information

1
University Women's Hospital Basel, Spitalstrasse 21, 4031, Basel, Switzerland. rzanetti@uhbs.ch

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Water birth became popular in the last years, despite the fact that many questions like the risk of infection for the newborn remain unanswered. Group B streptococcal (GBS) infections in the newborn remain a challenge in obstetrics and neonatology.

METHOD:

We conducted a prospective trial to study the impact of water birth on the colonization rate of the bath water and, more importantly, the GBS-colonization rate of the newborn.

RESULT:

After water birth the bath water was significantly more often colonized with GBS than after immersion followed by a delivery in bed. The newborns, however, showed no difference in GBS colonization and there was even a trend towards less GBS colonization of the newborn after a water delivery.

CONCLUSION:

Regarding GBS colonization of the newborn during water birth there might be a wash out effect, which protects the children during the delivery.

PMID:
16208480
DOI:
10.1007/s00404-005-0067-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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