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J Nat Med. 2015 Oct;69(4):513-21. doi: 10.1007/s11418-015-0916-6. Epub 2015 May 8.

2,3,5-Trimethoxy-4-cresol, an anti-metastatic constituent from the solid-state cultured mycelium of Antrodia cinnamomea and its mechanism.

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Taiwan Leader Biotech Company, Taipei, Taiwan.


Antrodia cinnamomea is a valuable and unique edible fungus originating from the forests of Taiwan. In this study, an anti-metastatic compound, 2,3,5-trimethoxy-4-cresol (TMC), was isolated from the solid-state cultured mycelium of A. cinnamomea. According to the results obtained from cell wound healing, cell migration and invasion assays, TMC effectively suppressed movement, migration and invasion of lung cancer cells at the dosage of 5-40 μM, which was non-toxic to A549 cells. In addition, TMC reduced protein expression of Akt, MMP-2 and MMP-9 and enhanced E-cadherin and TIMP-1 protein expression, which are known to regulate cell adhesion, migration and invasion. Taken together, TMC effectively suppresses movement, migration and invasion of lung cancer cells, and achieves an anti-cancer metastasis effect.

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