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Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2010 Jan 5;153B(1):202-7. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.b.30974.

Epileptic encephalopathy in a girl with an interstitial deletion of Xp22 comprising promoter and exon 1 of the CDKL5 gene.

Author information

1
Service de Neurologie Pédiatrique, Département de Pédiatrie, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, AP-HP, Paris, France.

Abstract

We report a 2-year-old girl with early onset seizures variant of Rett syndrome with a deletion at Xp22 detected by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique. This patient presented with tonic seizures at 7 days of life. Subsequently, she developed infantile spasms at three months and finally refractory myoclonic epilepsy. She demonstrated severe encephalopathy with hypotonia, deceleration of head growth, with eye gaze but limited eye pursuit, no language, limited hand use, and intermittent hand stereotypies. This combination of clinical features, suggestive of early onset variant of Rett syndrome led us to screen the CDKL5 gene. In a first step, screening of the whole coding sequence of the CDKL5 gene revealed no point mutations. In a second step, we searched gross rearrangements by MLPA and identified a microdeletion affecting both the promoter and exon 1 in CDKL5. Subsequent analysis on a Nimblegen HD2 microarray confirmed a deletion of approximately 300 kb at Xp22, including the BEND2, SCML2, and CDKL5 genes. In conclusion, our report suggests that searching for large rearrangements in CDKL5 should be considered in girls with early onset seizures and Rett-like features.

PMID:
19455595
DOI:
10.1002/ajmg.b.30974
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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