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Biofactors. 2009 Mar-Apr;35(2):113-9. doi: 10.1002/biof.15.

BMP modulators regulate the function of BMP during body patterning and disease progression.

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Career-Path Promotion Unit for Young Life Scientists, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are phylogenetically conserved signaling molecules that belong to the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily and are involved in the cascades of body patterning and morphogenesis. The activities of BMPs are precisely regulated at various stages, and extracellulary, mainly regulated by certain classes of molecules termed as BMP antagonists and pro-BMP factors. BMP antagonists inhibit BMP function by prohibiting them from binding their cognate receptors, whereas pro-BMP factors stimulate BMP function. In this review, the functions of these BMP regulators will be discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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