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Clin Rehabil. 2009 Apr;23(4):296-309. doi: 10.1177/0269215509102980.

A pilot study of self-regulation informed goal setting in people with traumatic brain injury.

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National Research Centre for Stroke, Applied Neuroscience and Neurorehabilitation and Health and Rehabilitation Research Centre, School of Rehabilitation and Occupation Studies, Auckland, New Zealand.



To determine the acceptability and clinical application of two recently developed goal-setting interventions (Goal Management Training and Identity Oriented Goal Training) in people with traumatic brain injury.


A three parallel group, randomized controlled pilot study.


Inpatient and community rehabilitation facilities.


Thirty-four people with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (Goal Management Training, n = 12; Identity Oriented Goal Training, n = 10; usual care, n = 12) and their rehabilitation clinicians.


For both Goal Management Training and Identity Oriented Goal Training participants met face to face with their key worker weekly over a period of 6-8 weeks, during which time the key worker worked to engage them in goal setting and goal performance using the strategy prescribed by their group allocation. Usual care was provided to the other participants.


Largely qualitative using observation, individual interviews and focus groups. Participants also completed a Goal Attainment Scale at baseline, post intervention and at three months follow-up.


Both approaches were acceptable to the majority of participants with many reporting improved mood and goal attainment. Clinicians found working in a different way with patients both challenging and rewarding, with both experimental approaches enhancing a focus on the person's own goals. Identity Oriented Goal Training seemed particularly helpful in engaging people in the goal-setting process while Goal Management Training appeared particularly helpful in providing a structured framework for error prevention in attempting goal performance.


These theoretically informed approaches to goal setting showed promise but were time intensive and at times difficult for practitioners to utilize.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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