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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Apr;7(4):432-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2008.11.025. Epub 2008 Dec 13.

Efficacy of the long-acting repeatable formulation of the somatostatin analogue octreotide in postoperative dumping.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Several studies have established symptomatic and mechanistic benefits of the somatostatin analogue octreotide in patients with dumping syndrome, but clinical use is hampered by the requirement for subcutaneous administration 3 times daily. We compared the efficacy of subcutaneous octreotide with that of the long-acting repeatable (LAR) octreotide formulation, which is administered monthly, in patients with dumping syndrome.

METHODS:

The study included 30 consecutive patients with postoperative dumping, evidenced by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results and insufficient response to dietary measures. OGTT, dumping severity score (summary of scores 0-3 for 8 early and 6 late dumping symptoms), and quality-of-life data were evaluated at baseline, after 3 days of subcutaneous administration of octreotide (0.5 mg), and then after 3 monthly intramuscular injections of octreotide LAR (20 mg).

RESULTS:

Both formulations of octreotide significantly reduced total dumping severity scores (21.7 +/- 1.6 at baseline, 11.2 +/- 1.2 for subcutaneous and 14.0 +/- 1.8 for LAR formulations; P < .05). This reduction was associated with significant improvements in the increase in pulse rate (13.8 +/- 5.8 at baseline vs -0.3 +/- 2.2 and 1.9 +/- 1.7; P < .05) as well as the increase in hematocrit level (4.0 +/- 1.4 at baseline vs 0.3 +/- 0.9. and 0.4 +/- 1.0; P < .05), and the lowest glycemia level in the OGTT (54.1 +/- 6.7 at baseline vs 98.9 +/- 7.1 and 67.8 +/- 5.9; P < .05). LAR octreotide administration significantly improved patients' quality of life. Patients' evaluations of their overall treatment efficacy was higher on LAR compared with the subcutaneous formulation (83% vs 52%; P = .01). Gallbladder stones occurred in 4 patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Monthly administration of LAR octreotide improves OGTT results, symptoms, and quality of life in patients with postoperative dumping.

PMID:
19264574
DOI:
10.1016/j.cgh.2008.11.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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