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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2008 Dec;295(6):R1914-20. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.90560.2008. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Microarray analysis of the transcriptome of the subfornical organ in the rat: regulation by fluid and food deprivation.

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The Henry Wellcome Laboratories for Integrative Neuroscience and Endocrinology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.


We have employed microarray technology using Affymetrix 230 2.0 genome chips to initially catalog the transcriptome of the subfornical organ (SFO) under control conditions and to also evaluate the changes (common and differential) in gene expression induced by the challenges of fluid and food deprivation. We have identified a total of 17,293 genes tagged as present in one of our three experimental conditions, transcripts, which were then used as the basis for further filtering and statistical analysis. In total, the expression of 46 genes was changed in the SFO following dehydration compared with control animals (22 upregulated and 24 downregulated), with the largest change being the greater than fivefold increase in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression, while significant changes in the expression of the calcium-sensing (upregulated) and apelin (downregulated) receptors were also reported. In contrast, food deprivation caused greater than twofold changes in a total of 687 transcripts (222 upregulated and 465 downregulated), including significant reductions in vasopressin, oxytocin, promelanin concentrating hormone, cocaine amphetamine-related transcript (CART), and the endothelin type B receptor, as well as increases in the expression of the GABA(B) receptor. Of these regulated transcripts, we identified 37 that are commonly regulated by fasting and dehydration, nine that were uniquely regulated by dehydration, and 650 that are uniquely regulated by fasting. We also found five transcripts that were differentially regulated by fasting and dehydration including BDNF and CART. In these studies we have for the first time described the transcriptome of the rat SFO and have in addition identified genes, the expression of which is significantly modified by either water or food deprivation.

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