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Cancer Biol Ther. 2008 Nov;7(11):1717-22. Epub 2008 Nov 4.

scFv-mediated delivery of truncated BID suppresses HER2-positive osteosarcoma growth and metastasis.

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Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Tangdu Hospital, Xi'an, China.


Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor, with high rates of metastasis. Here, we examined the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) in osteosarcoma cell lines with different metastatic potential, finding that the expression was correlated with metastasis of implanted tumors. We then introduced an expression vector encoding the e23sFv-PEA II-Bid Delta1-60 gene, composed of a HER2-specific single-chain antibody fused with domain II of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PEA) and the carboxy end of truncated active Bid. We demonstrated that the e23sFv-PEA II-Bid Delta1-60 molecule selectively recognized and killed HER2-overexpressing osteosarcoma cells in vitro. Subsequently, we introduced the e23sFv-PEA II-bid Delta1-60 gene into BALB/c athymic mice bearing HER2-positive osteosarcomas using i.m. injections of liposome-encapsulated vector. Expression of the e23sFv-PEA II-Bid Delta1-60 gene suppressed tumor growth, significantly prolonged animal survival and inhibited metastasis, thereby suggesting it may represent a competitive approach to treating HER2/neu-positive osteosarcoma.

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