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J Neurosurg. 2008 Sep;109(3):480-5. doi: 10.3171/JNS/2008/109/9/0480.

Intraventricular occurrence of a melanocytoma.

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Department of Neurosurgery,University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA.


Melanocytomas are rare tumors of the central nervous system that are believed to arise from leptomeningeal melanocytes. A young girl presented with a contrast-enhancing cystic mass in the temporal horn of the left lateral ventricle. Microsurgical resection of a black-colored vascular tumor supplied by the anterior choroidal artery was performed. Appropriate immunohistochemical staining and electron microscope evaluations were used to confirm the pathological diagnosis. The patient made an excellent recovery; follow-up imaging revealed no recurrent or residual tumor. This is the first documented primary occurrence of a melanocytoma in an intraventricular location. The intraventricular occurrence of this tumor suggests that melanocytes may migrate into the choroidal fissure and may infrequently undergo neoplastic proliferation in that location. This case contains implications for the differential diagnosis of intraventricular tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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