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J Mol Biol. 2008 Sep 12;381(4):881-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.06.008. Epub 2008 Jun 10.

Dissecting NGF interactions with TrkA and p75 receptors by structural and functional studies of an anti-NGF neutralizing antibody.

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Lay Line Genomics SpA, via di Castel Romano 100, I-00128 Rome, Italy.


The anti-nerve growth factor (NGF) monoclonal antibody alphaD11 is a potent antagonist that neutralizes the biological functions of its antigen in vivo. NGF antagonism is expected to be a highly effective and safe therapeutic approach in many pain states. A comprehensive functional and structural analysis of alphaD11 monoclonal antibody was carried out, showing its ability to neutralize NGF binding to either tropomyosine receptor kinase A (TrkA) or p75 receptors. The 3-D structure of the alphaD11 Fab fragment was solved at 1.7 A resolution. A computational docking model of the alphaD11 Fab-NGF complex, based on epitope mapping using a pool of 44 NGF mutants and experimentally validated by small-angle X-ray scattering, provided the structural basis for identifying the residues involved in alphaD11 Fab binding. The present study pinpoints loop II of NGF to be an important structural determinant for NGF biological activity mediated by TrkA receptor.

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