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Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2008 Jun;52(4):692-6.

[Inferior petrosal sinus catheterization: technical aspects].

[Article in Portuguese]

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Setor de Neurorradiologia Intervencionista do Instituto de Radiologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.



Inferior petrosal sinus catheterization and sampling for corticotropin dosage helps to differentiate hypophisary and ectopic forms of Cushing syndrome. The aim of this paper is to describe the technique used in inferior petrosal sinus catheterization in our service, emphasizing the solution found for frequent difficulties, and verify the success rate achieved.


Between September/2000 and September/2005, forty-two (eighty-four sinuses) patients were submitted to inferior petrosal sinus sampling. The difficulties for correct catheter positioning were identified and correlated with their solutions.


Anatomical variations, similarity between IPS and emissary vein of the basilar plexus and unfavorable flow to the contrastation of the structures (retrograde catheterization) were the main problems. Using pre-shaped catheters, curved, steerable guide-wires, road-mapping and venography by contalateral injection, besides criteria to differentiate IPS from the emissary vein. Of the 84 sinuses approached, one was thrombosed, and 80 (96.4%) of 83 possible were selectively catheterized. No clinical complication occurred.


IPSC can be safe and successfully performed in most cases. The identification of the emissary vein of the basilar plexus and use of venography by contralateral injection, improved the method performance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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