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Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2008 Jun;41(3):551-66, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2008.01.012.

Epiglottitis and croup.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, 1405 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. ssobol@emory.edu

Abstract

Infections of the upper airways are a frequent cause of morbidity in children. Viral laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) is the most common cause of stridor in children and usually has a self-limited course with occasional relapses in early childhood. Epiglottitis has become rare in developed countries with the advent of universal vaccinations against Haemophilus influenzae. It can be rapidly fatal, however, if not promptly recognized and appropriately managed. This article reviews the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of these pediatric upper airway infections.

PMID:
18435998
DOI:
10.1016/j.otc.2008.01.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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