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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jul;49(7):3172-7. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1664. Epub 2008 Mar 14.

Carrier of R14W in carbonic anhydrase IV presents Bothnia dystrophy phenotype caused by two allelic mutations in RLBP1.

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Department of Medical Biosciences/Medical and Clinical Genetics, University of Umeå, Umeå, Sweden.



Bothnia dystrophy (BD) is an autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) associated with the c.700C>T mutation in the RLBP1 gene. Testing of patients with BD has revealed the c.700C>T mutation on one or both alleles. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the underlying genetic mechanisms along with a clinical evaluation of the heterozygous patients with BD.


Patients with BD heterozygous for the RLBP1 c.700C>T were tested for 848 mutations by arrayed primer-extension technology. Further mutation detection was performed by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP), sequencing, denaturing (d)HLPC and allelic discrimination. The ophthalmic examinations were performed in all c.700C>T heterozygotes.


The clinical findings in 10 BD heterozygotes were similar to those in the homozygotes. The presence of a second mutation, c.677T>A, corresponding to p.M226K was detected in all 10 cases. Segregation analysis showed that the mutations were allelic, and the patients were compound heterozygotes [c.677T>A]+[c.700C>T]. One of those patients was also a carrier of the c.40C>T corresponding to the p.R14W change in carbonic anhydrase IV (CAIV) associated with autosomal dominant RP, RP17. His mother, a carrier of the identical change was declared healthy after ophthalmic examination. This sequence variant was found in 6 of 143 tested blood donors.


The high frequency of arRP in northern Sweden is due to two mutations in the RLBP1 gene: c.677T>A and c.700C>T. BD is caused by the loss of CRALBP function due to changed physical features and impaired activity of retinoid binding. The CAIV p.R14W sequence variant found in one of the patients with a BD phenotype is a benign polymorphism in a population of northern Sweden.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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