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J Neurophysiol. 1991 Dec;66(6):2034-40.

Laminar distribution of neuronal membrane properties in neocortex of normal and reeler mouse.

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Division of Biology and Medicine, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912.


1. Reeler is an autosomal recessive mutation of mice that alters neuronal migration during development, yielding a general inversion of the laminae in the neocortex. We recorded in vitro from slices of normal and reeler neocortex to study the influence of neuron position and shape on membrane properties and synaptic responses. 2. The intrinsic firing patterns, action-potential shapes, resting membrane potentials, input resistances, and evoked excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) did not differ between reelers and controls when data were grouped. 3. The depth distribution of intrinsic firing patterns was inverted in the reeler: intrinsically bursting (IB) neurons were found only in layer 5 in the normal mouse, but they were found exclusively in supragranular layers of the reeler cortex. 4. The spatial distribution of synaptic responses in the reeler was also inverted: very prominent IPSPs were characteristic of upper layer neurons in the normal mouse, but in the reeler similar inhibitory responses were observed predominantly in deep infragranular layers. 5. Dye injections in reeler pyramidal neurons revealed atypical morphologies, including distorted apical dendrites and cell inversion. 6. The data imply that cortical neurons develop the membrane and synaptic properties appropriate to their function, despite being malformed and mispositioned.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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