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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Nov;92(11):4489-93. Epub 2007 Aug 21.

Association of the growth hormone receptor d3-variant and catch-up growth of preterm infants with birth weight of less than 1500 grams.

Author information

1
Pediatric Endocrinology Division, Children's Hospital, University of Bonn, Adenauerallee 119, 53113 Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Preterm infants with very low birth weight frequently exhibit impaired longitudinal growth during the first years of life. Recently, the d3-isoform (genomic deletion of exon 3) of the GH receptor (GHR) has been linked to an increased responsiveness to GH.

OBJECTIVE:

Our objective was to test whether the GHRd3 isoform is associated with postnatal catch-up growth in very low birth weight preterm infants.

DESIGN AND PATIENTS:

We compared the postnatal growth pattern of 77 otherwise healthy preterm infants (mean gestational age, 28.5 wk; range, 23-35 wk) with a birth weight below 1500 g (mean birth weight, 941 g) to their GHR exon 3 genotype, which was analyzed by multiplex PCR. On examination, mean age of the children was 6.0 yr (range, 4.2-8.0 yr).

RESULTS:

Children homozygous or heterozygous for the GHRd3 allele showed a significantly higher rate of postnatal catch-up, compared with those homozygous for the full-length allele.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results define the GHR exon 3 genotype as a predictor for the postnatal growth pattern of very low birth weight preterm infants. Those who carry at least one GHRd3 allele are more likely to catch-up.

PMID:
17711923
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2007-0956
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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