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Inorg Chem. 2007 Apr 30;46(9):3696-704. Epub 2007 Mar 29.

Probing the excited states of d6 metal complexes containing the 2,2'-bipyrimidine ligand using time-resolved infrared spectroscopy. 1. Mononuclear and homodinuclear systems.

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School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK.


This paper reports time-resolved infrared (TRIR) spectroscopic studies on a series of weakly luminescent or nonluminescent 2,2'-bipyrimidine-based complexes to probe their electronic structure and the dynamic behavior of their excited states on the picosecond and nanosecond time scales. The complexes are mononuclear [Re(CO)3Cl(bpm)] (1), [Ru(CN)4(bpm)]2- (2), and [Ru(bpyam)2(bpm)]2+ (3) [bpm=2,2'-bipyrimidine; bpyam=2,2'-bipyridine-4,4'-(CONEt2)2] and their homodinuclear analogues [{Re(CO)3Cl}2(mu-bpm)] (4), [{Ru(CN)4}2(mu-bpm)]2- (5), and [{Ru(bpyam)2}2(mu-bpm)]4+ (6). Complex 1 shows the characteristic shift of the three nu(CO) bands to higher energy in the Re-->bpm triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (3MLCT) state, which has a lifetime of 1.2 ns. In contrast, the dinuclear complex 4 shows nu(CO) transient bands to both higher and lower energy than the ground state indicative of, on the IR time scale, an asymmetric excited state [(OC)3ClReI(bpm*-)ReII(CO)3Cl] whose lifetime is 46 ps. The cyanoruthenate complexes 2 and 5 show comparable behavior, with a shift of the nu(CN) bands to higher energy in the excited state for mononuclear 2 but two sets of transient bands-one to higher energy and one to lower energy-in dinuclear 5, consistent with an asymmetric charge distribution [(NC)4RuII(bpm*-)RuIII(CN)4]4- in the 3MLCT state. These cyanoruthenate complexes have much longer lifetimes in D2O compared with CH3CN, viz., 250 ps and 3.4 ns for 2 and 65 ps and 1.2 ns for 5 in CH3CN and D2O, respectively. In complex 3, both higher-energy Ru-->bpyam and lower-energy Ru-->bpm 3MLCT states are formed following 400 nm excitation; the former decays rapidly (tau=6-7 ps) to the latter, and the subsequent decay of the Ru-->bpm 3MLCT state occurs with a lifetime of 60 or 97 ns in D2O or CH3CN, respectively. Similar behavior is shown by dinuclear 6 in both D2O and CH3CN, with initial interconversion from the Ru-->bpyam to the Ru-->bpm 3MLCT state occurring with tau approximately 7 ps and the resultant Ru-->bpm 3MLCT state decaying on the nanosecond time scale.


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