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J Vet Med Sci. 2007 Jan;69(1):15-9.

In vitro and in vivo effects of recombinant bovine interferon-tau on bovine leukemia virus.

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1
Hokkaido Animal Research Center, Shintoku, Japan.

Abstract

The antiviral effects of recombinant bovine interferon-tau (rboIFN-tau) on bovine leukemia virus (BLV) were examined in vitro and in vivo. In the in vitro experiments, BLV titers decreased in FLK-BLV cells and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of BLV-infected cattle treated with rboIFN-tau at a concentration higher than 10(2) U/ml. In order to examine the in vivo effects of rboIFN-tau, 10 BLV-infected cattle were subcutaneously injected with rboIFN-tau. In the first experiment, 6 cows were administrated with 10(5) U/kg body weight of rboIFN-tau 3 times per week for 4 weeks, while in the second experiment 4 cows were administrated with 10(6) U/kg body weight of rboIFN-tau 3 times per week for 3 weeks. No adverse effects were observed after the administration of rboIFN-tau. In experiment No. 1, the mean BLV titers in cattle decreased in the post-rboIFN-tau administration period compared to the pre-rboIFN-tau administration period. In experiment No. 2, the mean BLV titers in cattle decreased in the rboIFN-tau administration period. These results suggest that rboIFN-tau decreases BLV titers in vitro and in vivo and that rboIFN-tau possibly reduces the degree of BLV titer in cattle without severe side effects.

PMID:
17283394
DOI:
10.1292/jvms.69.15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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