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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007 Feb;5(2):152-9. Epub 2006 Dec 6.

Advances in liver echinococcosis: diagnosis and treatment.

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First Department of General Surgery, Piraeus General Hospital Tzaneio, Piraeus, Athens, Greece.


Echinococcosis or hydatid cyst disease is a zoonosis caused by the larval cestode Echinococcus granulosus. It consists of a parasitic tapeworm disease affecting mainly liver. Nevertheless, the disease might well spread to more unusual sites such as lungs and brain. The definitive diagnosis of liver echinococcosis requires a combination of imaging, serologic, and immunologic studies. Despite the fact that a number of scolecoidal agents have been developed against liver hydatid disease, the cornerstone of the definitive treatment remains surgery. Both the classic surgical techniques and the recently developed minimally invasive and laparoscopic methods target the eradication of the disease by simultaneously avoiding perioperative spillage and dissemination or recurrence of echinococcosis. The present article constitutes a review of the biology of the parasite as well as the epidemiology, diagnosis, and therapeutic options of the liver hydatid disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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