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Mol Vis. 2006 Oct 6;12:1167-74.

Mutational analysis of RPGR and RP2 genes in Japanese patients with retinitis pigmentosa: identification of four mutations.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan. jinzb@med.miyazaki-u.ac.jp <jinzb@med.miyazaki-u.ac.jp>

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To identify mutations in RPGR and RP2 genes in a series of Japanese retinitis pigmentosa (RP) families and to determine the association between the phenotypic changes in patients/carriers and the mutations.

METHODS:

A total of 37 unrelated RP families were recruited, three of which were with typical X-linked RP (XLRP), and other 34 families included 29 multiplex families and 5 simplex RP cases with no family history of RP. In addition, At least one RP patient had myopia >-3.0D in these families. RPGR and RP2 genes were comprehensively screened by using the direct polymerase chain reaction-sequencing method. Detailed phenotypes of the families with confirmed mutations were assessed by routine ophthalmic examinations, Goldmann perimetry, electroretinography and color fundus photography.

RESULTS:

Four mutations in RPGR and RP2 genes were identified. Of the three XLRP families, one had an ORF15 mutation and another had an RP2 mutation. Two ORF15 mutations were found in three of the other 34 RP families, with two families sharing a same mutation, g.ORF15+652-653delAG. All the three ORF15 mutations were first reported in the Japanese population. Affected males showed relatively severe symptoms while female carriers showed a wide spectrum of severity. A tapetal-like reflex was observed in two young females, indicating clinically the carrier status.

CONCLUSIONS:

We identified three ORF15 mutations and one RP2 mutation in five Japanese RP families. Moderate or severe myopia might be an indicator for the XLRP status in multiplex RP families which pedigree data are insufficient to allow accurate subtyping. It is suggested that mutational analysis of RPGR and RP2 may help to identify the causative mutation in a proportion of multiplex RP patients with myopia.

PMID:
17093403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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