Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Pharmacol. 2006 Sep;70(3):997-1004. Epub 2006 Jun 8.

Penta-acetyl geniposide induce apoptosis in C6 glioma cells by modulating the activation of neutral sphingomyelinase-induced p75 nerve growth factor receptor and protein kinase Cdelta pathway.

Author information

Department of Nursing, Hungkuang University, Sha Lu, Taichung, Taiwan.


In our previous studies, we demonstrated the apoptotic cascades protein kinase C (PKC) delta/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK)/Fas/caspases induced by penta-acetyl geniposide [(Ac)5GP]. However, the upstream signals mediating PKCdelta activation have not yet been clarified. Ceramide, mainly generated from the degradation of sphingomyelin, was hypothesized upstream above PKCdelta in (Ac)5GP-transduced apoptosis. Furthermore, nerve growth factor (NGF)/p75 is supposed to be involved because(Ac)5GP-induced apoptosis was demonstrated previously in glioma cells. In the present study, (Ac)5GP was shown to activate neutral sphingomyelinase (N-SMase) immediately, with its maximum at 15 min. The NGF and p75 enhanced by (Ac)5GP was inhibited when added with GW4869, the N-SMase inhibitor, indicating NGF/p75 as the downstream signals of N-SMase/ceramide. To investigate whether N-SMase is involved in (Ac)5GP-transduced apoptotic pathway, cells were treated with (Ac)5GP added with or without GW4869. It showed that N-SMase inhibition blocked FasL expression and caspase 3 activation. Likewise, p75 antagonist peptide attenuated the FasL/caspase 3 expression. The PKCdelta translocation induced by (Ac)5GP was also eliminated by GW4869 and p75 antagonist peptide. To further confirm whether N-SMase activation plays an important role in (Ac)5GP-induced apoptosis, cells were analyzed the apoptotic rate by 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. (Ac)5GP-induced apoptosis was reduced 40 and 80% by 10 and 20 microM GW4869, respectively. It indicated that N-SMase activation is pivotal in (Ac)5GP-mediated apoptosis. In conclusion, SMase and NGF/p75 are suggested to mediate upstream above PKCdelta, thus transducing FasL/caspase cascades in (Ac)5GP-induced apoptosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center