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Mol Pharmacol. 2006 Aug;70(2):437-9. Epub 2006 May 4.

OSU-03012 in the treatment of glioblastoma.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Brody Building, Greenville, NC 27834, USA.

Abstract

In an article presented in this issue of Molecular Pharmacology, Yacoub et al. (p. 589) examine the actions of 2-amino-N{4-5-(2-phenanthrenyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]phenyl}-acetamide (OSU-03012) on both primary and glioblastoma cell lines. The authors found that OSU-03012 could induce tumor cell death by itself but also acted as a strong sensitizing agent to radiotherapy-induced cell death. Glioblastoma cells were also more sensitive to this compound than nontransformed astrocytes. Radiation-induced cell death was refractory to small interfering RNA-directed inhibition of PDK1 but not OSU-03012. These results indicate that OSU-03012, which has been thought to primarily mediate antitumor effects via the inhibition of PDK1, has actions independent of PDK1. Furthermore, the authors demonstrated that the effects of OSU-03012 were independent of ERB-B1-vIII and PTEN expression. These are important findings because they start to identify a new mechanism to sensitize glioblastoma cells and also suggest that OSU-03012 could be combined with existing inhibitors to further sensitize tumor cells. In glioblastoma cells, OSU-03012 seemed to induce apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced PERK-dependent signaling. OSU-03012-induced death of the glioblastoma was only weakly suppressed by the pan-caspase inhibitor, N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp, suggesting that OSU-03012-induced cell death was largely caspase-independent. Overall, these are exciting results and suggest that new more effective treatment options may be obtainable for people suffering from these deadly tumors.

PMID:
16675657
DOI:
10.1124/mol.106.026252
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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