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Exp Parasitol. 1991 Aug;73(2):214-22.

Schistosoma mansoni: protein phosphorylation during transformation of cercariae to schistosomula.

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1
Program in Geographic Medicine, Brown University, Miriam Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02906.

Abstract

Infectivity of the multicellular pathogen Schistosoma mansoni for the human host is dependent upon the ability of free-living cercariae to transform rapidly into parasitic schistosomula. The biochemical pathways that regulate this transitional period are unknown. The role of protein phosphorylation was investigated by examining the incorporation of [32Pi]phosphate into proteins of S. mansoni. A sevenfold increase in total phosphorylation was found in 3-hr-old schistosomula as compared to cercariae. Analysis of radiolabeled proteins by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography demonstrated that a 14-kDa protein served as a marker for transformation, being phosphorylated in schistosomula but not cercariae. The protein was phosphorylated on a serine residue. Phosphorylation was stimulated by a shift of parasites from water to salt-containing medium at 23 degrees C. Incubation of organisms in water at 37 degrees C did not initiate phosphorylation of this protein. The 14-kDa phosphoprotein was extracted from parasite homogenates with 1 M NaCl but was insoluble in 1% Triton X-100. Protein phosphorylation during the cercarial-schistosomula transformation may represent an important biochemical event that regulates infectivity of the parasite for the human host.

PMID:
1653710
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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