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Life Sci. 2006 Feb 23;78(13):1494-8. Epub 2005 Oct 17.

Mutational analysis of the rhodopsin gene in Chinese ADRP families by conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis.

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Center for Molecular Diagnosis and Gene Therapy, Affiliated South-West Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, PR China.


Retinitis pigmentosa is a very heterogeneous group of retinal degenerations, with multiple genes identified in each mode of inheritance. For autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (ADRP), the most common gene is the rhodopsin (RHO) gene, mutations in which contribute to about 25% of ADRP in Caucasian population. To investigate the frequency and pattern of RHO point mutations in Chinese patients with ADRP, we have screened the five coding exons and splice sites of the RHO gene in 50 unrelated probands from Chinese ADRP families and 100 normal controls to identify disease-associated mutations, using conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis (CSGE) and direct DNA sequencing. Two RHO mutations, Pro347Leu and Pro327 (1-bp del), were identified each in one family, thus the frequency of RHO mutations among ADRP families in this study is less than 14% (2/50=4%, 95% confidence interval: 1-14%), lower than that in Europe and North America, which may reflect an ethnic difference between Chinese and Caucasian populations. Loss of all phosphorylation sites at the C-terminus and a highly conserved sequence QVS(A)PA may occur because of Pro327(1-bp del). CSGE was found to be a sensitive, simple and practical method for the screening of a large number of samples under highly reproducible conditions, and could be utilized in routine molecular diagnostic laboratories.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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