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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2005 Jun 22;85(23):1613-7.

[Digenic association of RHO and RP1 genes with retinitis pigmentosa among Chinese population in Hong Kong].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.



To identify the mutation patterns of RHO and RP1 genes in the Chinese patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and to explore their potential interactions in the pathogenesis of RP.


Sequence alterations in the entire coding region and splice sites of RHO and RP1 gene were screened in 151 RP affected probands and 150 unrelated controls who were all Hong Kong Chinese. Additional 46 relatives of 12 RP probands carrying possible mutations in RHO or RP1 were recruited for segregation analysis. Univariate analysis, multivariate analysis and genotype-pedigree disequilibrium test were used to examine the associations of polymorphisms in these two genes with RP.


Two mutations in the RHO gene, 5211delC and P347L, were identified each in one proband from the 151 probands, accounting for 1.3% of the RP patients. Two mutations in the RP1 gene, R677X and D984G, were identified each in one proband from the 151 probands, also accounting for 1.3% of the RP patients. In univariate analysis, non-coding sequence variants in the RHO gene, -26G > A, was found to increase the risk of RP, while R872H in the RP1 gene was likely to be a protective factor for RP. Multivariable logistic regression analysis and haplotype analysis confirmed these associations.


The prevalences of RHO and RP1 mutations among the RP patients in Chinese population are both less than reported in other populations. Besides the disease-causing mutations, non-coding sequence alterations may also be a modifier for RP. The potential interactions between RHO and RP1 suggest a digenic etiology for RP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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