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Int Immunol. 2005 Sep;17(9):1249-55. Epub 2005 Aug 15.

IgE- and FcepsilonRI-mediated migration of human basophils.

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Department of Allergy and Rheumatology and.


Local accumulation of basophils at inflammatory sites is observed in experimental antigen challenge and in allergic diseases. It is not fully known what factor(s) regulates local basophil influx in tissues, and it has not been determined whether antigens belong in a panel of basophil chemoattractants. This study was designed to elucidate whether IgE- and high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI)-mediated stimulation can induce human basophil migration. The migration-inducing potency of an anti-FcepsilonRI alpha-chain mAb, CRA-1, was examined on human basophils. CRA-1 mAb elicited significant migration of basophils. The migration-inducing potency of this mAb was maximal at 100 ng ml-1, and CRA-1 mAb at 100 ng ml-1 attracted approximately 10% of total inoculated basophils above baseline levels after incubation for 2.5 h. Checkerboard analysis indicated that basophil migration induced by this mAb was mainly chemotactic and partially chemokinetic. An antigen, Der f 2, also induced migration of basophils from Der f-sensitive subjects. Basophils mixed with 1 ng ml-1 of CRA-1 mAb showed an exaggerated migration response to eotaxin, indicating that FcepsilonRI cross-linkage enhances basophil migration to other chemoattractants. Induction of basophil migration by IgE- and FcepsilonRI-cross-linking stimulation may, at least in part, explain the pathogenesis of local basophil accumulation clinically observed in allergic diseases such as asthma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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