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J Dent Res. 1992 Feb;71(2):414-23.

Daily dose calculations from measurements of intra-oral mercury vapor.

Author information

1
Department of Dental Materials and Technology, Faculty of Odontology, University of UmeƄ, Sweden.

Abstract

Measurements of intra-oral mercury vapor from amalgam fillings are discussed. It was shown that the only quantity which it is possible to measure is the mercury release rate, and that the concentrations of mercury vapor in the oral cavity published in most earlier studies are the mercury concentrations in the measuring cell of the measuring apparatus and not the concentrations in the oral cavity. The consequences for the daily dose equations of the facts that the mercury source is present inside the oral cavity and that the amount of mercury released during a certain time is limited are discussed. It was found that most daily dose equations used have a questionable mercury distribution on inspiration, expiration, and swallowing. Re-calculations of almost all the available daily dose data showed a mean daily dose value of about 1.3 micrograms Hg/day (range, 0.3-2.2 micrograms Hg/day). The mean swallowed amount of mercury from intra-oral mercury vapor was calculated as being in the order of 10 micrograms Hg/day (range, 2.4-17 micrograms Hg/day), resulting in an estimated absorption of about 1 microgram Hg/day from the gastro-intestinal tract.

PMID:
1556301
DOI:
10.1177/00220345920710021201
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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