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Int J Cardiol. 2004 Sep;96(3):341-5.

C677T polymorphism of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene is a risk factor of adverse events after coronary revascularization.

Author information

1
CNR, Institute of Clinical Physiology, G. Pasquinucci Hospital, via Aurelia Sud-Montepepe 54100, Massa, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A common point mutation (C677T) in the gene for 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is associated with hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent risk factor and a strong predictor of mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to investigate whether C677T polymorphism can be a predictor of major adverse cardiac events after myocardial revascularization.

METHODS:

We determined MTHFR genotype in 159 patients with CAD undergoing myocardial revascularization [72 percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and 87 coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)]. Recurrent angina, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization, heart failure and cardiac death were considered major adverse cardiac events that occurred after discharge from index hospitalization.

RESULTS:

During the follow-up (6.9+/-0.3 months, mean+/-S.E.M.), the composite endpoint accounted for 25.9%, 11.4% and 4.3% for TT, CT and CC genotype (log-rank statistic 5.2, p=0.02), respectively. Subjects with mutant TT genotype had a threefold increase of any cardiac event (hazard ratio [HR]=3.0; 95% [CI], 1.1-8.1). In multiple-variable regression Cox, predictors of events were TT genotype (HR=2.8; 95% CI, 1.01-7.62, p=0.047), low-ejection fraction<40% (HR=4.5; 95% CI, 1.62-12.6, p=0.004) and revascularization procedure (HR=6.1; 95% CI, 1.86-20.34, p=0.003).

CONCLUSIONS:

These data indicate that the TT genotype seems to be significantly associated with major adverse cardiac events after myocardial revascularization in CAD patients, suggesting a potential pathological influence of homocysteine in the clinical outcome.

PMID:
15301885
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2003.06.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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