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Ophthalmic Genet. 2004 Mar;25(1):53-6.

Ocular manifestations of mosaic trisomy 22: a case report and review of the literature.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, UK.


Mosaic trisomy 22 is rare, but can be compatible with prolonged life. Patients with mosaic trisomy 22 usually present with intrauterine growth retardation, mental retardation, failure to thrive, and craniofacial asymmetry. We report the case of a five-year-old boy who had a birth weight of 3.8 kg and normal developmental milestones. He presented with unilateral ocular manifestations of ptosis, double elevator palsy, high myopia, and choroidal coloboma involving the macula. Cytogenetic evaluation showed a low level of trisomy 22 in peripheral blood lymphocytes (1 in 100) and in cultured fibroblasts from a conjunctival biopsy of the affected eye (1 in 60). Our case demonstrates the value of chromosomal analysis of the tissues involved rather than just karyotyping of the blood lymphocytes to detect mosaicism in patients with localised and unilateral congenital malformations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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