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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2004 Nov;287(5):H2364-6. Epub 2004 Jun 10.

Bmx, a member of the Tec family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, is a novel participant in pharmacological cardioprotection.

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Department of Physiology, Cardiovascular Research Laboratories, Suite 1619 MRL Bldg., 675 Charles E. Young Dr., David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.


Previous studies have indicated that PKC-epsilon is a central regulator of protective signal transduction in the heart. However, the signaling modules through which PKC-epsilon exerts its protective effects have only begun to be understood. We have identified a novel participant in the PKC-epsilon signaling system in cardioprotection, the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Bmx. Functional proteomic analyses of PKC-epsilon signaling complexes identified Bmx as a member of these complexes. Subsequent studies in rabbits have indicated that Bmx is activated by nitric oxide (NO) in the heart, concomitant with the late phase of NO donor-induced protection, and provide the first analysis of Bmx expression/distribution in the setting of cardioprotection. In addition, increased expression of Bmx induced by NO donors was blocked by the same mechanism that blocked cardioprotection: inhibition of PKC with chelerythrine. These findings indicate that a novel type of PKC-tyrosine kinase module (involving Bmx) is formed in the heart and may be involved in pharmacological cardioprotection by NO donors.

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